What Are The Consequences of a Conviction in Ohio?
The consequences of criminal convictions in Ohio may differ based on factors such as the offense's nature, the defendant's previous criminal history, and aggravating circumstances. Here are base level penalties for different criminal offenses in Ohio, which may be subject to enhancement based on the specific degree and details of each case.
Under Ohio Revised Code Statute §2929.24, being found guilty of a misdemeanor in Ohio could have the following consequences:
- Minor misdemeanor: $150 fine, no jail time
- Fourth-degree misdemeanor: 30-day jail term; $250 fine
- Third-degree misdemeanor: 60-day jail term; $500 fine
- Second-degree misdemeanor: 90-day jail term; $750 fine
- First-degree misdemeanor: 180-day jail term; $1,000 fine
Felony Convictions in Ohio
Under Ohio Revised Code §2929.14, being found guilty of a felony in Ohio could have the following consequences:
- Fifth-degree felony: Six to 12 months in prison and a $2,500 fine
- Fourth-degree felony: Six to 18 months in prison and a $5,000 fine
- Third-degree felony: Nine months to five years in prison and a $10,000 fine
- Second-degree felony: Two to eight years in prison and a $15,000 fine
- First-degree felony: Three to 11 years in prison and a $20,000 fine
- Murder: 15 years in prison to a life sentence without parole
- Aggravated murder: Ranges from a life sentence with possible parole after 20 years to the death penalty
In Cincinnati and throughout Ohio, a felony conviction could also have additional consequences that could impact your life beyond immediate penalties such as fines or imprisonment. Some of these consequences include:
- Difficulty securing housing - Due to background checks and potential discrimination, convicted felons may face challenges when trying to rent or purchase a home.
- Employment challenges - Finding and retaining a job can be difficult for individuals with a felony conviction, as employers often conduct background checks and may be hesitant to hire someone with a criminal record.
- Disqualification from certain occupations - Some professions, particularly those requiring a license or security clearance, may be off-limits to those with a felony conviction.
- Sex offender registration - If the felony conviction involves a sex crime, the individual may be required to register as a sex offender, with its associated restrictions and public disclosure.
- Social stigma - A felony conviction can carry a social stigma, impacting relationships and community interactions.
- Ineligibility for federal aid - Convicted felons may be ineligible for certain forms of federal assistance, such as student loans or welfare benefits.
- Increased insurance premiums - Felons may face higher insurance rates, particularly for auto insurance.
- Ignition interlock device installation - If the conviction involves a DUI, the individual might have to install an ignition interlock device on their vehicle.